OOH Glossary of Terms



The number of units required to achieve a desired GRP level in a market.


The distance measured along the line of travel from the point where an advertising unit first becomes fully visible to the point where the copy is no longer readable. 


The recalled recognition of an OOH advertising message by an individual or audience. Ad awareness is influenced by creative copy and the consumer’s relationship with the product or category.



Large format advertising displays intended for viewing from extended distances, generally more than 50 feet. Billboard displays include, but not limited to: bulletins, junior posters, posters, and spectaculars.


Display area which extends beyond the live copy area, often to the edge of the finished size.


The largest standardized OOH format; typically measuring 14’ x 48’ in overall size. Sold either as permanent displays or in rotary packages.

Bus Shelter

A curbside structure located at regular stopping points along urban bus routes.  



The interval of time when an OOH advertising campaign is run.   

Cancellation Period

A specified period of time when a contract can be terminated.

CBSA (Core Based Statistical Area)

Defined by the United States Office of Management and Budget, a metropolitan area within a larger markets (e.g. DMA) containing a substantial population nucleus, together with adjacent communities having a high degree of economic and social integration with that core. CBSA’s are a standard geography for buying and selling media. 


The process of selecting and scheduling individual unit locations to maximize OOH advertising objectives.


A measurement of traffic volume in a market. Circulation only estimates the number of people with an opportunity to see an out of home display and, therefore, is no longer a credible measure of an OOH audience and is out of step with other media metrics.

Commercial Audience

Audience estimates of people exposed to actual advertising. TAB OOH Ratings are the first media measurement system providing true commercial audiences of OOH advertising rather than audiences that are merely exposed to editorial content (e.g. read a magazine, read a newspaper or tuned to a TV program, etc.) 


The elimination of gaps in a media schedule by maximizing the duration of a campaign, ideally 52 weeks.


The sharing of advertising costs between a manufacturer and distributor or dealer.

Copy Area

The viewing area on an OOH unit.


1. Based on the defined geographic parameters of a market, expressed as DMAs, CBSAs, groups of counties, or individual counties, also known as coverage area. 2. Coverage can also be the percent of the population within any of these geographic areas that can be reached by the total inventory of a media operator. 

CPM – Cost Per Thousand

The cost of delivering 1,000 impressions from individuals who notice the advertising on displays in a market.

CPP – Cost per Ratings Point

The cost of advertising exposure opportunities that equals one rating point in any geographically defined market.  

Count Station

A section of road with a specific traffic pattern. Count stations contain traffic estimates and the demographic composition of that traffic. 


An advertising display which is visible across traffic lanes on the opposite side of the roadway.

Custom Market

Any market used by a plant or advertiser other than a DMA or CBSA. Custom markets are used by plants or advertisers to highlight OOH delivery within relevant geographic areas. Custom markets are generally counties or groups of counties.


Daily Effective Circulation (DECs)

The historical OOH audience measurement system. DECs are the average number of persons, in cars or other vehicles, passing and potentially exposed to an advertising display.

Digital Billboard

Billboards that can change advertising content using digital technology. Content is static with multiple advertising message presented in rotation every few seconds.

Digital OOH Media

Any OOH display that can change its advertising content using addressable screen technology. 

Digital Place-Based Media

Addressable OOH screens that change advertising content remotely, excluding roadside digital OOH media such as billboards and bus shelters. Digital place-based media includes a broad range of content including static messages and full motion video with an audio track. 


The strategic placement of OOH units across a market. The distribution of units will impact the reach of the campaign and the demographic profile of the audience that is delivered.

DMA – Designated Market Area

A television market area defined by Nielsen Media Research that is also used by advertisers for multi-media planning. DMAs are non-overlapping and cover the entire United States. 

Dwell Time

The interval of time when a consumer is in close proximity to an OOH ad.


Effective Reach

The number of persons within the target audience exposed to the advertising schedule an average of three or more times.


Letters, figures, mechanical devices or lighting that is attached to the face of an OOH unit to create a special effect. 


As derived from TAB’s visibility research, a physiological or behavioral measure of actual eye contact with an OOH media unit and its advertising. TAB OOH Ratings are derived from the adjustment of circulation or passing to those who notice the advertising.


An area of copy made as a cut out that falls outside the basic restraints of a bulletin or poster.



The surface area on an OOH unit where advertising copy is displayed. A structure may have more than one face.  


The cardinal direction that an OOH unit faces. As an example, a north facing bulletin is viewed by vehicles traveling south.  


The method used to hem the edges of posters and bulletins. Finishing can include welded pockets or other operational techniques for hanging substrates onto billboard units.


The length of an advertising campaign, sometimes divided into distinct segments over the course of weeks. 


The average number of times an individual notices an OOH advertising message during a defined period of time. Frequency in OOH advertising is typically measured over a four week period, but can be reported for any campaign length.


Geopath OOH Ratings

The Geopath ratings system was designed to provide OOH advertising with credible metrics comparable other measured media. This is achieved with a sophisticated research program specifically designed to measure audiences who actually see advertising on OOH ads throughout the country. The integrated research method implemented incorporates research and expertise in the areas of circulation, visibility and eye tracking research, demography and trip modeling, and the building of powerful reach and frequency models.Gross Rating Points (GRPs)

The total number of in-Market impressions delivered by an OOH schedule expressed as a percentage of a market population. One rating point represents impressions equal to 1 percent of the market population.




The total number of times people are likely to notice an ad on an OOH display. Gross impressions are those delivered against a demographic audience for an advertising schedule. In-Market impressions are the average number of times people that live in a defined market (e.g. a DMA or CBSA) are likely to notice an ad on an OOH display. In-Market Impressions exclude Impressions derived from people who travel into or through the market, but live outside of it. In-Market Impressions are the audience from which GRPs are calculated.


Junior Poster

A standardized poster format, typically measuring 6’ x 12’; formally known as an 8 Sheet. 




Out of home media that are used to create customized advertising programs that generally target specific consumer audiences. Lifestyle/Retail includes, but is not limited to: arena and stadiums, placed based, digital networks, health clubs/restaurants/bars, exterior placed based (i.e. airborne, marine, resorts and leisure).

Likelihood to See (LTS)

The portion of the OTS (Opportunity to See) audience who are likely to see an ad. OOH is the first medium in the US to move from reporting OTS audiences (DECs) to LTS (Likely to See) audiences, which can also be referred to as commercial audiences.

Line of Sight

The simultaneous viewing of more than one OOH unit.

Location List

A listing of all locations and displays included in a specific OOH program.  



Geographically defined areas used to buy and sell media. Standard markets definitions are DMAs and CBSAs.

Market Ride

The physical inspection of the units that comprise an out of home program in a market – either pre-buy or post-buy. 

Message Duration

The interval of time when a digital OOH advertising message is viewed.

Mobile Billboard

A truck equipped with one or more poster panel units. The truck can either be parked at specified venues or driven around designated localities.  



Off-Premise Sign

A sign that advertises products or services that are not sold, produced, manufactured or furnished on the property where the sign is located. An OOH display is an off-premise sign.  

On-Premise Sign

A sign that advertises products or services that are sold, produced, manufactured or furnished on the property where the sign is located. 


Out of Home technology refers to the application of innovative techniques, methods, and processes used to develop and advance the product offerings of the out of home advertising industry. 

Opportunity to See (OTS)

A basic measure of media exposure. OTS estimates are measures of media exposure (e.g. magazine readership or the TV program exposures) and not the advertising. OTS is today’s standard for reporting ratings for all media types except OOH. 

Out of Home Media (OOH)

All media formats specifically intended to reach consumers outside the home. 


Percent Composition

The percent of the total audience for a display or schedule that a brand target demographic group comprise.

Place-Based Media

OOH media used to create customized advertising programs generally targeting specific consumer audiences. This includes advertising in, but is not limited to: arenas and stadiums, retail video retail networks, health clubs and gym, bar and restaurants, and movie theaters.


A term used to identify a media company and its entire OOH advertising inventory in a market.  

Polyethylene (PE)

Polyethylene is a widely used plastic thermoplastic polymer consisting of long chains of monomer ethylene. It is used to make single sheet posters or other billboard substrates and is recyclable.

Polypropylene (PP)

Polypropylene is a widely used thermoplastic polymer with an intermediate level of crystallinity between that of low-density and high-density polyethylene. It is used to make single sheet posters or other billboard substrates and is recyclable.

Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)

Polyvinyl Chloride is a thermoplastic polymer constructed of repeating vinyl groups or ethenyls having one of their hydrogens replaced with a chloride group. The vinyl is commonly used as an advertising substrate for bulletins and some poster products.


A standardized poster format, typically measuring 12’3” x 24’6”; formally known as a 30-Sheet Poster. 

Posting Date

The date when a poster program is scheduled to commence. A five day leeway is customary.

Posting Instructions

Detailed directions provided to an OOH company by an advertiser or agency assigning specific copy to specific locations.

Printed OOH Media

Any OOH display that uses a printed substrate to display advertising content. 
Proof-of-Performance (POP)

Certification by an OOH company that contracted advertising services has been rendered. 




The approximate percentage of a target audience’s population who notice an advertising message at least once during an OOH campaign. 



An out of home (OOH) advertising display capable of rendering digital content.Single Sheet Poster

A poster constructed as a single and continuous substrate. Single sheet posters are typical make from thermoplastic polymers. Single sheet posters can be recycled.


An adhesive strip that is used to cover a portion of copy displayed on an OOH unit.


A bulletin that is usually larger than 14’ x 48’ and is positioned at a prime location in a market. A spectacular often utilizes special embellishments.  

Street Furniture

Advertising displays, many that provide a public amenity, positioned at close proximity to pedestrians for eye-level viewing or at a curbside to impact vehicular traffic. Street furniture displays include, but are not limited to: transit shelters, newsstands/news racks, kiosks, shopping mall panels, convenience store panels and in-store signage.T


A wide variety of material used to produce OOH displays. Billboard substrates are typically made from thermoplastic polymers or PVC. Many street furniture and transit substrates are made from Fasson, paper, or film, among other materials.  


Target Audience

Any audience reflecting the most desired consumer prospects for a product or service, defined by age, sex, race, ethnicity or income; or their combinations for any geographic definition.

Target Rating Points (TRPs)

The total number of in-market impressions from a target audience delivered by an OOH campaign expressed as a percentage of a market population. 

Traffic Count

The recording of the vehicles and pedestrians passing a given point; used by TAB to authenticate the circulation that passes outdoor advertising structures. 


Displays affixed to moving public transportation vehicles or in the common areas of transit terminals and stations. Transit displays include, but are not limited to: bus panels, train/rail panels, airport panels, taxi panels and mobile advertising signage.  

Trim Size

The dimensions of an advertisement substrate once it has been prepared for placement onto an OOH unit.


An OOH unit with a slatted face that allows three different copy messages to revolve at intermittent intervals. 


UV Coating

Ultra-violet cured coatings are applied over inks printed onto advertising substrates and dried by exposure to UV radiation. UV coatings are used to prevent color fading on advertisements from sun exposure or other ambient lighting sources. 



Wall Mural

Murals painted or attached directly onto the exterior surface of a building.




Modified: 2 years